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CIA Documents Collection (154 Books)


Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Collection provides the public with access to CIA declassified publications. As part of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) & Electronic Reading Room digital access to previously classified historic documents can now be made available.

 
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Intelligence on the Soviet Bloc

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: The adequacy of intelligence on the Soviet hole varies from firm and accurate in some categories to inadequate and practically nonexistent in others. We have no reliable include intelligence on thinning in the Kremlin. Our estimates of Soviet long range plane and intentions are speculations drain from inadequate evidence.

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The 20Th Cpsu Congress in Retrospect : Its Principal Issues and Po...

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: Pertinent background factors 1. The CPSU is the leading communist party in the world. Its ideological leadership has been acknowledged even by the Chinese communist party. Being in control of the Soviet state, it controls the political, military and economic power of the USSR, the stronghold of world communism. Thus its pronouncements on doctrine, strategy, and tactics are of decisive importance to international communism.

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Soviet Military Expenditures by Major Missions : 1958-65 Summary a...

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: Allocation of the estimated military expenditures of the USSR to the four MAJOR MISSIONS -- Strategic attack, air defense, ground, and naval** -- In accordance with their requirements suggests that important changes in emphasis are occurring within the Soviet that armed forces.***The share of mission outlays (that is, the summation of all the outlays that are directly allocable to the missions) that is absorbed by the ground mission is expected to decline form ...

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Long-Run Soviet Economic Growth

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: Soviet economic growth is defined as the increase in the ability of the USSR to produce goods and services and may be measured in terms of the increase in Soviet gross national product it is determined by the quantities of the factors of production available -- land, labor, and capital, management, the scale of production, and other elements which can be treated only qualitatively.

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The New Lands Program in the Ussr

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: The ''new lands'' program in the USSR involves great amounts of capital investment and manpower and a vast area of land. In less than 2 years, 30 million hectares,** an area 25 percent larger than the acreage sown to wheat in the US IN 1955, have been brought into cultivation, and eventually 40 million hectares may be reclaimed. The new lands program has been developed without major dislocations in the Soviet economy.

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Regime Strategic Intent

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: Key Findings Saddam Husayn so dominated the Iraqi Regime that its strategic intent was his alone. He wanted to end sanctions while preserving the capability to reconstitute his weapons of mass destruction (WMD) when sanctions were lifted. Saddam totally dominated the Regime?s strategic decision making. He initiated most of the strategic thinking upon which decisions were made, whether in matters of war and peace (such as invading Kuwait), maintaining WMD as a na...

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Corona : America's First Satellite Program

By: J. Kenneth McDonald

Excerpt: Since the CORONA satellite made its first successful flight in August 1960, the Intelligence Community?s overhead reconnaissance programs have been among the nation?s most closely guarded secrets. The end of the Cold War, however, has at last made it possible to declassify both information and imagery from the first American satellite systems of the 1960s. To do this, President William Clinton in February of this year ordered the declassification within 18 month...

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Corona : America's First Satellite Program

By: J. Kenneth McDonald

Excerpt: Since the CORONA satellite made its first successful flight in August 1960, the Intelligence Community?s overhead reconnaissance programs have been among the nation?s most closely guarded secrets. The end of the Cold War, however, has at last made it possible to declassify both information and imagery from the first American satellite systems of the 1960s. To do this, President William Clinton in February of this year ordered the declassification within 18 month...

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National Strategy for Combating Terrorism

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, in Washington, D.C., New York City, and Pennsylvania were acts of war against the United States of America and its allies, and against the very idea of civilized society. No cause justifies terrorism. The world must respond and fight this evil that is intent on threatening and destroying our basic freedoms and our way of life. Freedom and fear are at war. The enemy is not one person. It is not a single political regim...

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Long-Term Global Demographic Trends : Reshaping the Geopolitical L...

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: Note; This paper identifies the factors that will be most important in shaping the worldwide demographic landscape in 2020 and beyond. It examines how societies are coping with the broad range of demographic challenges and assesses what conditions may be key to transforming demographic trends into security issues of interest to the United States. Global demographic trends will have far-reaching consequences for the key elements of national power: economic, milit...

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Report of Investigation

By: John M. Deutch

Excerpt: INTRODUCTION; 1. John M. Deutch held the position of Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from May 10, 1995 until December 14, 1996. Several days after Deutch?s official departure as DCI, classified material was discovered on Dutch?s government-owned computer, located at his Bethesda, Maryland residence. 2. The computer had been designated for unclassified use only and was connected to a modem. This computer had been used to access [an Internet Service Provide...

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The Soviet Weapons Industry : An Overview

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: Summary; Over the last two decades, the Soviet union has delivered weapons to its military at a level unequaled anywhere in the world. Over 50,000 tanks, 80,000 light armored vehicles, 9,600 strategic ballistic missiles, 50,000 aircraft, 650,000 surface-to-air missiles, and 270 submarines have been procured since 1965.

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Editors and Contributors to This Volume

By: Gerald K. Haines

Excerpt: Dr. Haines has an extensive background in US intelligence matters and on the intelligence community. He earned his doctorate in US diplomatic history at the university of Wisconsin- Madison in 1973. In the fall of 1974 he joined the national archives as a foreign policy specialist. In 1981 he moved to the national security agency (NAS) as a staff historian. In 1989 he joined the CIA history staff and became deputy chief in 1994.

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The Impending Soviet Oil Crisis

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: The Soviet oil industry is in trouble. Soviet oil production will soon peak, possibly as early as next year and certainly not later than the early 1980s. The maximum level of output reached is likely to be between 11 and 12 million barrels per day (b/d)-up from the 1976 level of 10.4 million b\d.

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Soviet Economic Problems and Prospects

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: Summary; The Soviet economy faces serious strains in the decade ahead. The simple growth formula upon which the economy has relied for more than a generation-maximum inputs of labor and capital-will no linger yield the sizeable annual growth which has provided resources needed for competing claims.

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Organization and Management in the Soviet Economy : The Ceaseless ...

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: INTRODUCTION; Over the past decade, the USSR has been engaged in an effort, unprecedented in scope and intensity to improve organization, management, and incentives in the economy. Most of the measures adopted stem directly form the program of reform outlined by Kosygin in 1965; other approaches, such as the effort to computerize everything computerizable, are ancillary to it. The effort as a whole as aimed at raising economic efficiency as measured by labor and...

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Central Intelligence Agency Directorate of Intelligence March 1970

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: INTRODUCTION; One of the principal features of Soviet economic development has been the government s policy of investing the maximum possible amount of the national product. This report explores the possibility that this traditional investment policy is no longer capable of providing the rate of economic growth desired by the Soviet leadership.

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Soviet Economic and Technological Benefits from Detente

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: Us-Soviet detente has already brought a succession of economic and technological benefits to the USSR: grain to offset a crop failure access to technology and equipment previously denied and long-term credits to finance imports if detente continues these gains will accumulate. Nevertheless, overall Soviet economic growth is unlikely to be affected appreciably. Machinery imports from the united states will be small relative to total Soviet investment, and the USS...

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Civil Defense Efforts Will Improve Projection for the Leaders and ...

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: but not for the general population or for military or economic facilities. Soviet capabilities against ballistic missile-launching submarines will remain poor.

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Estimating Soviet Military Intentions and Capabilities

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: Estimating Soviet Military Intentions and Capabilities -- Author?s Comments: Raymond Garthoff; The documents in this volume dealing with CIA?s analysis of military affairs during the Cold War were selected with several considerations in mind. First, they provide illustrative examples of analyses of Soviet intentions and military doctrine, as well as of military forces and capabilities. Second, they include materials on strategic forces and theater or general pur...

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